Beschreibung der Methode "Meditation"
Was ist „Meditation”?
Again and again one is confronted with the term meditation. It is no longer used only for spiritual purposes but also more and more frequently in the health sector as in fitness or sports centers. In the foreground stands predominantly to increase the mental and physical fitness. But what exactly does meditation really mean? And where does it come from? These and many more questions are clarified by the following article.
What meditation means
The term meditation comes from the Latin word "meditari", which translates to "think, to sense". Originally, meditation was used in the religious and spiritual realm. The goal in meditating is to overcome the limitations of the body and human existence. It serves to sink into itself and develop the ability to completely hide external stimuli. It should help to gather inwardly, to change its consciousness in a purposeful way, in order to achieve inner serenity and relaxation.
How does meditation work?
There are now many different forms of meditation. Often unusual postures are taken over a longer period of time. The pain caused by the uncomfortable posture, the meditator learn to endure the pain, until he no longer perceives. This is possible thanks to the special breathing and concentration exercises. Concentration exercises focus on specific sounds or objects, for example. These methods help to achieve a meditative state over time and to hide all external influences.
Basically, the meditation can be done both alone and in a group. An often used technique, for example, is conscious breathing. This is also referred to as Atemachtsamkeit. The full focus is on breathing in and out. Through this conscious concentration on the respiration, one gets to an inner peace, so that the thoughts calm down and a meditative state occurs. The goal is to be completely relaxed and to be able to switch off from the daily stresses.
Where does meditation come from?
The first testimonies of meditation date back to the second millennium BC. In the writings of Yoga and Ayurveda first hints are found on this method. Within Taoism, many forms of meditation have developed in China, based on Zen Buddhism, which has spread to Japan. There are also meditative forms in the Jewish and Islamic tradition in the form of asceticism, Kabbalah or Sufism.
What forms of meditation are there?
There are many different forms, and sometimes the elements are mixed from different directions. There are methods that have emerged through the schools of Tai-Ji-Quan, Yoga or Zen and forms from the religions such as Islam, Buddhism or Christianity. There are also therapeutic procedures, for example from autogenic training. Basically, the meditation can be divided into two different methods, namely in the unfolding and concentrating.
The concentrating method
In this method, the meditator tries to direct his concentration or his consciousness to a particular object, so as to hide the external influences.
The unfolding method
Through this method, a kind of "inner emptiness" is created to quit thinking, so to speak. Not always the external stimuli are completely hidden. The goal here is neither to evaluate nor to process these external influences. There are also methods that combine both methods already presented.
Other meditation methods: process and goals
This method has its origins in Japanese Zen Buddhism. The meditation takes place here while sitting. The goal here is to bring about a "void". Meditates with open eyes and several hours a day. The breath is counted, observed and accompanied. The meditation does not necessarily have to be done while sitting, it can also be done while walking slowly.
Here, the goal is to achieve complete detachment and clarity. In this meditation, in the first step, physical exercises are combined with specific breathing techniques. Subsequently, the focus is on the state of the inner soul and the individual parts of the body. So the thinking should calm down, because it is superimposed with the sensation of the breath. The goal is to rest completely in oneself, which should bring the body, the nervous system and the mind to rest.
This method is especially popular. The goal here is to achieve a so-called comic state of consciousness. To achieve this, the meditator focuses with his eyes closed on a particular object such as a sentence (mantra), a picture (mandala) or a melody. All in all, this meditation has a relaxing effect on circulation and breathing. In addition, it should reduce fears.
Where does meditation find its application?
While meditation may not be used as a form of therapy, it is often used to relieve mental illness. This is especially made possible by the relaxing effect, which can be used to release stress and tension. However, there are also diseases in which the meditation should not be used. These include the following diseases
- psychotic disorders
- severe depression
- strong fears
Naturheilpraxis; Praxis für Aufstellungen, Innere-Kind-Arbeit, Dunkelretreats
Heilpraktikerin Dipl.-Vet.-Med. Saskia John
14513 Teltow, DE
Heilpraktikerin; Traum-, Trauma- und Integrationsarbeit, Begleitung in Krisen; Familienstellen, Inneres Kind heilen, Dunkelretreats, Hypnose, Meditation,
TimeWaver Med, Heilfasten, Tai Chi